The Wonderful World of Wikis for Life Scientists
You may know that the San Diego Biotechnology Network, and its partner company, Comprendia, are dedicated to improving communication between life scientists and the companies that serve them. As part of this objective, we like to pass on resources for both groups to help, check out our video resources for life science and the list of life science companies using social media. Life scientists can use the wiki list below as a reference and to learn and contribute, and companies should realize the potential that resources such as these present for helping their customers put the complex science behind their products in context.
What is a wiki? Many use the term loosely these days, to refer to any web resource. To us, a wiki is a community-driven, content rich website in which many of the pages are interconnected. There are many free software programs to generate wikis, and even a resource which lists wikis and helps you choose which one will best meet your needs.
We’ve been looking into life science wikis, and with help from the Life Scientists group on Friendfeed, came up with the list below. There are a few schools of thought on wikis. Some believe that all content should reside on Wikipedia (only two Wikipedia-based wikis are listed below). Others feel as though wikis specific for life science, outside of wikipedia, offer a more targeted approach. Also, some feel as though they must remain ‘pure’ and have no advertising. However, these wikis require a lot of work, I see no problem with this as long as the companies are transparent with their association with the resource, and are careful to not turn it into solely self-serving.
There is an enormous potential for life science companies to leverage wikis. Why not a signal transduction wiki sponsored by the companies who sell products in that area (in fact, there is a defunct cell signaling portal on Wikipedia which could be rescued)? Enzyme classes, areas of study (e.g. stem cells), disease areas…the possibilities are limitless! See German distributor Biomol’s wiki–they’ve created a wiki-based product listing supplemented with supporting biological information (p.s. search engines love wikis, perhaps for this reason). We see some life science companies creating fancy flash animations to highlight their products…guess what, search engines cannot see the content in flash! In addition, scientists are accustomed to wikis, there is no need to reinvent the wheel with a fancy new application, something we’ve discussed on the Comprendia blog.
If you represent a life science company who would like to learn how to leverage wikis, attend Comprendia’s Social Media for Life Science and Biotechnology Workshop in San Diego June 22nd, where we’ll cover the Basics, Benefits, Best Practices, and Biotech Examples. Don’t live in San Diego? Contact Comprendia to learn about virtual workshops or visits to your area.
Life Science Wikis
|ACS Chemical Biology Community||Chemical biology||Life scientists||ACS||A bit confusing because it does not have the standard wiki interface. Hard to tell if it is active.|
|Biomol Wiki||Life science research products||Life science companies||Biomol GmBH||Interesting mix of life science and products. Biomol is a distributor of products from life science vendors, and has created an extensive wiki for their products.|
|ChemWiki||Chemistry||Anyone/editors curate||UC Davis||Chemistry textbook–lots of content.|
|EcoliWiki||All things E. coli||Life scientists, with auto-generated content||Part of EcoliHub, NIH/NIGMS (Purdue, Oklahoma, SRI, TAMU)||Very impressive source of information about genes, proteins, expression levels.|
|Encyclopedia of Life||Biology||Anyone/editors curate||Harvard University, the Field Museum of Natural
History, the Marine Biological Laboratory, the Smithsonian Institution, the Biodiversity Heritage Library,
and the Missouri Botanical Garden. Funding: John D. and Catherine T.
MacArthur Foundation and the
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
|Collaboration between scientific community and the public. Goal is to disseminate knowledge about the world’s organisms.|
|Medpedia||Health and medicine||M.D.’s and Ph.D.’s||Harvard, Stanford, UC Berkeley, University of Michigan||Nice resource. All content generated by M.D.’s and Ph.D.’s, and each entry has a ‘clinical’ and ‘plain english’ description. Users can ask questions to the editors.|
|MicrobeWiki||Microbiology||Life scientists||Kenyon College||Mostly class material-centric, nicely done with a lot of images.|
|OpenWetWare||Life science laboratories, protocols, and classes||Life scientists||Individual labs at MIT (NSF grant submitted)||Very interesting and popular site. Several different types of entries. Labs can create their own site here to enter their schedules, presentations, and protocols. Class materials can also be organized here.|
|Protopedia||Structural biology||Structural biologists, with a large amount of auto-generated content||Weizmann Institute, The Israel Structural Proteomics Center||Very nicely done–they have created pages for every entry in the protein data bank.|
|SciTopics||General science||Scientists||Elsevier||May be a bit too general for life scientists.|
|SNPedia||SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms)||Life scientists||Independent–started by Michael Cariaso.||Catalog of more than 11,000 SNPs. Shows SNPs related to interesting phenotypes such as "sprinting versus endurance muscles." SNPs are downloadable, and there is also a page dedicated to getting your personal SNPs identified.|
|Subtiwiki||All things B. subtilis||Life scientists, with auto-generated content||University of Gottingen||Similar to EcoliWiki.|
|TOPSAN||Structural biology||Structural biologists||?||“The Open Protein Structure Annotation Network” focusing on sharing information about protein structures determined by structural genomics efforts.|
|WikiGenes||Genes, proteins, chemical compounds, diseases||Life scientists||Society in Science – The Branco Weiss Fellowship. Original paper published by Robert Hoffmann at MIT.||Contains a lot of useful information. Tracks authors of every contribution and allows rating of contributions.|
|Wikimedia Commons||Biology, chemistry sections||Anyone||Wikimedia foundation||May be too general for most life scientists. Focuses on media for download (e.g., images, sound).|
|Wikipedia: WikiProject Gene Wiki||Genes and function||Anyone/editors curate||NIH/GNF||A portal which helps to organize and update entries in Wikipedia involving gene and protein function.|
|Wikipedia: WikiProject Molecular and Cellular Biology||Molecular and cell biology||Anyone/editors curate||?||A portal which helps to organize and update entries in Wikipedia involving molecular and cell biology. Appears to be stagnant at this point.|
|Wikispecies||Biological species||Biologists||Wikimedia Foundation||May be too general for life scientists.|
What are your opinions about these ‘free standing’ wikis, outside of wikipedia? Is the redundance found on the wikis troubling, are these private efforts confusing and contrary to the objectives of NCBI, RCSB, etc.? Also, how would you feel if life science companies started to sponsor more wikis? Leave a comment below, and let the discussion begin!
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