Psychedelics* (i.e. chemicals that reliably produce altered states of consciousness characterized by sensory distortion and changes in cognition) have been subject to human ritualistic, therapeutic, and recreational use for millennia. Their profound perceptual effects have the potential to elucidate countless mysteries of human neurobiology, illuminating the sensitivity of our conscious experience to stereotyped, chemically-induced changes. […]
Deb : What's a liger? Napoleon Dynamite: It's pretty much my favorite animal. It's like a lion and a tiger mixed...bred for its skills in magic. Napoleon Dynamite, Fox Searchlight Pictures.
As it is not always ethical to test drug treatments on humans or practical to observe patients with diseases, we've made do with the next best thing: animal models. Animal models actually date all the way back to the 2nd century, where Galen, a Greek physician and philosopher, studied apes and pigs.